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Economic Census Guide

Economic Census

Table of Contents

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What is the Economic Census?

Comment Icon0 The Economic Census provides a detailed portrait of the United States’ economy once every five years, from the national to the local level. The 2007 Economic Census covers most of the U.S. economy in its basic collection of establishment statistics. There also are several related programs, including statistics on minority- and women-owned businesses. Censuses of agriculture and governments are conducted at the same time. Results from the 2007 Economic Census are being issued on American FactFinder, starting in early 2009 and continuing through late 2011.

The 2002 Economic Census published data primarily on the basis of the 2002 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Selected data were published according to the 2007 NAICS to allow precise comparisons between 2002 and 1997. The statistics issued by industry in the 2007 Economic Census are classified primarily on the 2007 NAICS, and, to a lesser extent, on the 2002 NAICS used in the previous census.

Economic Census statistics are collected and published primarily by “establishment.” An establishment is a business or industrial unit at a single physical location that produces or distributes goods or performs services.

The most detailed data are provided for the U.S. as a whole. Key statistics, albeit progressively fewer, are available for states, metropolitan and micropolitan areas, counties, and places with 2,500 or more inhabitants. Only limited data are provided for ZIP Codes. Statistics for smaller areas are more frequently withheld to avoid disclosing information about individual firms.

For more information about the Economic Census, follow these links:

Comment Icon0 Earlier Economic Census results available online:

Comment Icon0 All information for this site taken from the U.S. Census Bureau: Economic Census website.

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