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Economics Guide

Government

Table of Contents

Government Web Resources

  • Budget of the United States Government (GPO Access)
    Issued by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the Budget of the United States Government is a collection of documents that contains the budget message of the President, information about the President’s budget proposals for a given fiscal year, and other budgetary publications that have been issued throughout the fiscal year. Other related and supporting budget publications, such as the Economic Report of the President, are included, which may vary from year to year.
  • Bureau of Economic Analysis (U.S. Department of Commerce)
    BEA produces economic accounts statistics that enable government and business decision-makers, researchers, and the American public to follow and understand the performance of the Nation’s economy. BEA collects source data, conducts research and analysis, develops and implements estimation methodologies, and disseminates statistics to the public.

    • National Economic Accounts
      Gross Domestic Product (GDP); Personal Income and Outlays; Corporate Profits; Government Current Receipts and Expenditures; Supplemental Estimates; Fixed Assets; Research and Development Satellite Account; Conferences and Meetings; Previously Published Estimates.
    • International Economic Accounts
      Balance of Payments (International Transactions); Trade in Goods and Services; International Services; International Investment Position; Operations of Multinational Companies (U.S. direct investment abroad, Foreign direct investment in the U.S.); Projects linking BEA data with data from other statistical agencies; Supplemental Estimates; Survey Forms and Related Materials; Previously Published Estimates.
    • Regional Economic Accounts
      Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by State and Metropolitan Area; State Personal Income and Employment; Local Area Personal Income and Employment; Regional Input-Output Modeling System; BEA’s Regional Fact Sheets (BEARFACTS); BEA Economic Areas; Previously Published Estimates.
    • Industry Economic Accounts
      Annual Industry Accounts; Benchmark Input-Output Accounts; Satellite Accounts (Research and Development, Travel and Tourism, Transportation); Underlying Estimates; Previously Published Estimates.
    • U.S. Economy at a Glance
      BEA produces some of the most closely watched economic statistics that influence decisions of government officials, business people, and individuals. These statistics provide a comprehensive, up-to-date picture of the U.S. economy. The data on this page are drawn from featured BEA economic accounts.
    • Current Releases
    • Survey of Current Business
      The monthly Survey of Current Business is BEA’s definitive source of information about its economic accounts. Articles in the Survey present the latest national, international, regional, and industry estimates; describe the methodologies used to prepare the estimates; provide information about major revisions; discuss on-going innovations; and generally keep users up to date on relevant BEA issues and initiatives.
    • Interactive Data Tables
    • BEA Papers and Working Papers
  • Bureau of Economic, Energy and Business Affairs (U.S. Department of State)
    EEB’s mission is to promote economic security and prosperity at home and abroad. As the single point where international economic policy tools and threads converge, they help promote a coherent economic policy across the U.S. government.
  • Bureau of Labor Statistics (U.S. Department of Labor)
    The BLS is the principal fact-finding agency for the Federal Government in the broad field of labor economics and statistics. The BLS is an independent national statistical agency that collects, processes, analyzes, and disseminates essential statistical data to the American public, the U.S. Congress, other Federal agencies, State and local governments, business, and labor.

    • Economy at a Glance
    • Economic News Releases
    • Consumer Price Indexes (CPI)
      The CP program produces monthly data on changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services.
    • Producer Price Indexes (PPI)
      The PPI program measures the average change over time in the selling prices received by domestic producers for their output. The prices included in the PPI are from the first commercial transaction for many products and some services.
    • Import/Export Price Indexes
      The International Price Program (IPP) produces Import Price Indexes (MPI) and Export Price Indexes (XPI) containing data on changes in the prices of nonmilitary goods and services traded between the U.S. and the rest of the world.
    • Employment Cost Index
    • Employment Situation
    • Productivity and Costs
    • Real Earnings
    • Consumer Expenditure Survey (CE)
      The CE program consists of two surveys, the quarterly Interview Survey and the Diary Survey, that provide information on the buying habits of American consumers, including data on their expenditures, income, and consumer unit (families and single consumers) characteristics. The survey data are collected for the BLS by the U.S. Census Bureau.
    • Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey (CPS)
      The CPS is a monthly survey of households conducted by the Bureau of Census for the BLS. It provides a comprehensive body of data on the labor force, employment, unemployment, and persons not in the labor force.
    • Monthly Labor Review
      The principal journal of fact, analysis, and research from the BLS. Each month, economists, statisticians, and experts from the Bureau join with private sector professionals and State and local government specialists to provide a wealth of research in a wide variety of fields—the labor force, the economy, employment, inflation, productivity, occupational injuries and illnesses, wages, prices, and many more.
    • Occupational Outlook Handbook
      A nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. The Handbook is revised every two years.
    • Occupational Outlook Quarterly Online
      OOQ Online is based on the print periodical Occupational Outlook Quarterly and mirrors its print counterpart. OOQ provides practical information on jobs and careers. Articles are written in straightforward, non-technical language and cover a wide variety of career and work-related topics such as new and emerging occupations, training opportunities, salary trends, and results of new studies from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
    • Career Guide to Industries
      For dozens of different kinds of industries the Career Guide to Industriestells you about: occupations in the industry;training and advancement;earnings;expected job prospects;working conditions. In addition, the Career Guide gives you links to information about the job market in each State and more.
    • Inflation Calculator
      Allows customers to calculate the value of current dollars in an earlier period, or to calculate the current value of dollar amounts from years ago.
  • Bureau of the Public Debt (United States Department of the Treasury)
    Their job is to borrow the money needed to operate the Federal Government and to account for the resulting debt. In a nutshell, they borrow by selling Treasury bills, notes, and bonds, as well as U.S. Savings Bonds; they pay interest to investors; and, when the time comes to pay back the loans, they redeem investors’ securities. Every time they borrow or pay back money, it affects the outstanding debt of the United States.
  • Economic Indicators.gov
    Brought to you by the Economics and Statistics Administration at the U.S. Department of Commerce. Their mission is to provide timely access to the daily releases of key economic indicators from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and the U.S. Census Bureau.
  • Economic Indicators: Main Page (GPO Access)
    Available from April 1995 forward, this monthly compilation is prepared for the Joint Economic Committee by the Council of Economic Advisors and provides economic information on prices, wages, production, business activity, purchasing power, credit, money and Federal finance.
  • Economic Report of the President (GPO Access)
    An annual report written by the Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisors. It overviews the nation’s economic progress using text and extensive data appendices. The Report is transmitted to Congress no later than ten days after the submission of the Budget of the United States Government. Supplementary reports can be issued to the Congress which contain additional and/or revised recommendations.
  • Export.gov
    Export.gov brings together resources from across the U.S. Government to assist American businesses in planning their international sales strategies and succeed in today’s global marketplace.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): Regional Economic Condition (RECON)
    RECON was originally designed to assist the FDIC in the examination process by providing economic information at the state, MSA (Metropolitan Statistical Area), and county levels. It is helpful in the analysis of risks facing financial institutions. Using RECON, anyone can drill down to any state, MSA, or county to view standard graphs, tables, and maps depicting economic conditions and how they have changed over time.
  • Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
    • EconDISC
      The Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis has been a leader in the compilation and provision of data to the research community as well as to the general public for well over four decades. EconDISC is the comprehensive assemblage of their data services, all of which are user-friendly, web-based collections of economic, financial, and banking data and documentation: FRED®, ALFRED®, FRASER®, CASSIDI®, and Liber8™. EconDISC offers the added convenience of searching all the databases simultaneously.
    • FRED: Federal Reserve Economic Data
      FRED® (Federal Reserve Economic Data) is a database of 19,959 U.S. economic time series. With FRED® you can download data in Microsoft Excel and text formats and view charts of data series.
    • GeoFRED: Geographic Federal Reserve Economic Data
    • ALFRED: Archival Federal Reserve Economic Data
      Using ALFRED® you can retrieve vintage versions of data that were available on specific dates in history. In general, economic data for past observation periods are revised as more accurate estimates become available. As a result, previous vintages of data can be superseded and may no longer be available from various data sources. Vintage data allows academics to reproduce others’ research, build more accurate forecasting models, and analyze economic policy decisions using the data available at the time.
    • FRASER: Federal Reserve Archival System for Economic Research
      The Federal Reserve Archival System for Economic Research is a project by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis to expand on its mission to provide economic information and data to researchers interested in the U.S. economy. On this web site you will find links to scanned images of historical economic statistical publications, releases, and documents.
    • CASSIDI
      Banking structure analysis website. Through CASSIDI, you will be able to search for and view banking market definitions, find banking market concentrations, and perform “what if” (pro forma) analyses on banking market structures. CASSIDI also offers an array of mapping options, enabling you, for example, to view banking market boundaries, find depository institutions, and compare market concentrations across banking markets. (These features are currently being developed.)
    • Liber8
      Economic information portal for librarians and students.
  • The Federal Reserve Board: The Beige Book
    Summary of Commentary on Current Economic Conditions by Federal Reserve District. Commonly known as the Beige Book, this report is published eight times per year. Each Federal Reserve Bank gathers anecdotal information on current economic conditions in its District through reports from Bank and Branch directors and interviews with key business contacts, economists, market experts, and other sources. The Beige Book summarizes this information by District and sector. An overall summary of the twelve district reports is prepared by a designated Federal Reserve Bank on a rotating basis.
  • FEDSTATS
    Provides access to the full range of official statistical information produced by the Federal Government without having to know in advance which Federal agency produces which particular statistic. With convenient searching and linking capablilties to more than 100 agencies that provide data and trend information on such topics as economic and population trends, crime, education, health care, aviation safety, energy use, farm production and more, FedStats is your one location for access to the full breadth of Federal statistical information.
  • International Trade Administration: Industry, Trade, and the Economy: Data and Analysis
    (U.S. Department of Commerce)
    Industry Analysis, an office of Manufacturing and Services within the ITA seeks to: Develop and disseminate trade and economic data, Provide objective, consistent research and analysis that examines issues affecting U.S. manufacturing and services competitiveness in domestic and global markets, so as to Facilitate sound policies that contribute to U.S. economic prosperity.
  • The Library of Congress: Country Studies
    The Country Studies Series presents a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of countries throughout the world.
  • U.S. Department of State: Background Notes
    The publications listed include facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, economy, and foreign relations of independent states, some dependencies, and areas of special sovereignty. The Background Notes are updated/revised by the Office of Electronic Information and Publications of the Bureau of Public Affairs as they are received from the Department’s regional bureaus.
  • U.S. Department of the Treasury
    The Treasury Department is the executive agency responsible for promoting economic prosperity and ensuring the financial security of the United States. The Department is responsible for a wide range of activities such as advising the President on economic and financial issues, encouraging sustainable economic growth, and fostering improved governance in financial institutions. The Department of the Treasury operates and maintains systems that are critical to the nation’s financial infrastructure, such as the production of coin and currency, the disbursement of payments to the American public, revenue collection, and the borrowing of funds necessary to run the federal government. The Department works with other federal agencies, foreign governments, and international financial institutions to encourage global economic growth, raise standards of living, and to the extent possible, predict and prevent economic and financial crises. The Treasury Department also performs a critical and far-reaching role in enhancing national security by implementing economic sanctions against foreign threats to the U.S., identifying and targeting the financial support networks of national security threats, and improving the safeguards of our financial systems.
  • U.S. International Trade Commission: Interactive Tariff and Trade DataWeb
    Provides international trade statistics and U.S. tariff data to the public full-time and free of charge. U.S. import statistics, U.S. export statistics, U.S. tariffs, U.S. future tariffs and U.S. tariff preference information are available on a self-service, interactive basis. International trade data are available for years 1989- present on a monthly, quarterly, annual, or year-to-date basis and can be retrieved in a number of classification systems, including the Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS), the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC), or the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Pre-defined reports on international trade statistics are also available by geographic region and partner country. Current U.S. tariffs, which are maintained and published by the USITC as a statutory responsibility, can be accessed via the USITC DataWeb, and retrieved with relevant international trade data.

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